May 9, 2019

Oklahoma Templary: A Virtual Exhibition

When I was a young Grand Commandery officer progressing through the grand line, I set out to write the history of Templary in Oklahoma in 2012. That volume was completed and published as Knights on the Prairie: A History of Templary in Oklahoma. In May of 2012, I was sent to Kansas by my employer and made a stop at an antique store in Blackwell, Oklahoma. It was there that I purchased a Malta jewel and sword case from a defunct Oklahoma Commandery of Knights Templar. That set into motion my desire to collect the memorabilia of the Order, some of which is displayed here. 

Malta Jewels


In American Freemasonry, the Order of the Temple is preceded by the Order of Malta. During the initiation ceremony of the Order of Malta, candidates receive the Order of Malta jewel. In many jurisdictions, bars are attached to the ribbon of the jewel which identifies the state and local commandery the Sir Knight is from.

Templar Regalia 

Sword


When a Sir Knight is first invested with his sword during the Order of the Temple, he is told the following: In the hand of a Valiant and Magnanimous Knight of the Temple, it is endowed with three excellent qualities: its hilt with Justice impartial, its blade with Fortitude undaunted, and its point with Mercy unrestrained.


The color of a Templar sword is used to identify rank: silver is for Sir Knights and gold is for Past Commanders. This sword belonged to Bert D. Ashbrook (1868-1935), a member of Emmanuel Commandery No. 23. Ashbrook served as Grand Commander in 1927-1928.

Sword Cases

    
During the height of fraternalism the major “regalia houses” offered leather sword cases for fraternal swords. They came in three basic varieties:  plain with a small brass name plaque, plain with painted name, and tooled leather with painted name and cross emblem.

Sword Belt


Early Templary in the Twin Territories featured a variety of regalia for the Order. The 1862 uniform regulations of the Grand Encampment called for a red leather sword belt. Some commanderies even had belt plates produced that identified the wearer’s commandery. This belt plate for Oklahoma Commandery No. 2 pre-dates the 1911 merger of the Grand Commanderies of Indian Territory and Oklahoma. When the two grand commanderies merged, Oklahoma Commandery was given the number “3” owing to its date of dispensation being later than that of Muskogee Commandery.

Uniform 


In 1859 the Grand Encampment of Knights Templar of the United States first standardized the regalia of the Order. This was followed by an 1862 revision which adopted the frockcoat, seen above. The uniform was similar in style to the Model-1841 Undress Frockcoat of the United States Army. This uniform would serve the Sir Knights of the United States in some form for over 140 years. It was phased out of service in Oklahoma beginning in 1948.

This particular uniform belonged to Sir Knight Reid K. McKim (1896-1975) of Oklahoma Commandery No. 3. McKim became a Freemason in 1923 at Oklahoma City Lodge No. 36. A veteran of the First World War, McKim served as an Oklahoma City Police Officer in 1928.

Drill Badges and Bars


In 1921, the Grand Commandery Knights Templar of Oklahoma introduced competitive field drills. Teams from across the state would compete annually for the privilege to compete at the national level. At the 38th Triennial Conclave of the Grand Encampment in 1931, Gethsemane Commandery No. 25 of Okmulgee took Third Place in the field drill competition. Lawton Commandery No. 18 would also earn national honors in 1940 by taking Fourth Place in field drills.

Past Commander Jewels


The presiding officer of a Commandery of Knights Templar is known as the Eminent Commander. Once a Sir Knight has vacated that office, he earns the title of Past Commander. To commemorate this service, a Past Commander jewel exists.

The jewel on the left is a style which was presented by Oklahoma Commandery No. 3 and Bethlehem Commandery No. 45 beginning in the 1920s. This particular jewel belonged Richard E. Swan (1909-2000), the son of well-known Oklahoma Mason Leslie H. Swan.


The jewel on the right was presented to William E. Crowe (1893-1983) by Enid Commandery No. 13 for serving as Eminent Commander in 1928. Crowe became Grand Commander in 1940.
 
Past Grand Commander Jewel
 

This Past Grand Commander jewel issued by the Grand Commandery of Indian Territory is identified by an engraved Indian and “TER” for territory. This jewel was presented to Daniel M. Hailey (1841-1919) who served as Grand Commander in 1902-1903. 

Grand Commandery Annual Conclave Souvenirs


To mark the occasion of the annual conclave of the Grand Commandery, souvenirs were often issued. These ranged from watch fobs, to jewels and ribbons. The pieces illustrated here include a watch fob from 1915 along with jewels from 1917, 1919, and 1921. The ribbons below include one from Indian Territory in 1902 along with others from 1931, 1937, 1938, 1950, and 1957.


Grand Encampment Triennial Conclave Souvenirs 


Every three years, the Grand Encampment of Knights Templar meets in cities across the United States. It was once common for the grand commanderies that comprise the Grand Encampment to issue jewels for their delegations to wear and the Grand Encampment also issued jewels itself. Featured here are jewels from 1913, 1922, and 1946.


Of particular note are these 1910 jewels from the Grand Commandery of Indian Territory and Oklahoma. The two grand commanderies would merge in 1911 making these the last Indian Territory jewels produced for a Triennial.


In 1917, the Grand Commandery Knights Templar of Oklahoma adopted a Coat-of-Arms that included the Templar emblems of the Red Cross, Templar Cross, and Maltese Cross. The Coat-of-Arms appeared on all stationery and proceedings of the Grand Commandery then, as it does today. The Coat-of-Arms was even made into two jewels, pictured here, for the 1919 Triennial.